Aloes have a shallow, spreading root system, so when it is time to repot, choose a wide planter, rather than a deep one. Use a planter with a drainage hole, or provide a 1-2 inch layer of gravel in the bottom of the pot to ensure adequate drainage. Cacti soil mix is the preferred potting media.
Larger Aloes prefer full sun but smaller types benefit from shade during the heat of the day. Bright, indirect sunlight is preferable.
Aloe Vera is a succulent and stores a large quantity of water within its leaves and root system. During the winter months, the plant will become dormant and utilize very little moisture. Allow the soil to become completely dry before giving the plant water. During the summer months, water the soil thoroughly, but then allow the Aloe to dry again before re-watering.
For optimum plant health, fertilize with an all-purpose houseplant food April through October, following label directions. For all other months, fertilize half as often.
Cape Verde, Canary Islands, Madeira and South Africa